Energy, Environment, and Maritime Science

With its 17,504 islands, Indonesia is well known as the largest archipelago in the world. Meanwhile, between 2010 and 2050, Asia’s urban population is anticipated to double in size to 3.2 billion. By 2050, two‐thirds of Asia’s population will be urban. Cities have a high concentration of people and economic activities, but are resource intensive, accounting for 75% of both energy consumption and carbon emissions (ADB, 2016). The Government of Indonesia (GOI) is committed to reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 26% by 2020, at the minimum, and up to 41% with assistance from the international donor community. By 2030, the GOI aims to mitigate GHG emissions by 29% or up to 41% with international assistance as stated in the annual Conference of Parties (COP) 21 meeting in Paris in 2015. However, due to Indonesia’s current dependence on fossil fuels, a comprehensive approach is necessary to achieve these targets. USAID SHERA’s university consortia focused on the environment, energy and maritime sciences will address some of the challenges Indonesia faces in achieving its national targets through the Center for Development of a Sustainable Region (CDSR). This CCR is a multidisciplinary collaboration to enable Indonesia to maximize its many potential sources of renewable energy, including developing a hybrid energy system, building the capacity of local industry, and creating a network of renewable energy stakeholders in Indonesia. The CCR plans to specifically contribute to this by developing decentralized photovoltaic and-bioenergy-based hybrid systems for tropical rural and urban areas and Building-integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV) for near zero energy buildings (NZEB) in tropical urban area, and identifying a method for determining the sustainability level of a hybrid energy system. CDSR is led by Universitas Gadjah Mada in Yogyakarta, with affiliate members including Universitas Indonesia, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Institut Pertanian Bogor in Indonesia; Universitas Bangka Belitung, Universitas Muhammadiyah Gorontalo, and Universitas Negeri Gorontalo in Indonesia; and University of Colorado, Boulder in the U.S.

Categories: Environtment, Energy & Maritime Science